云鼎赌场>彩票分析>手机电子娱乐送彩金-学好非谓语动词英语就学好了一半,学完这套资料还有什么难得住你

手机电子娱乐送彩金-学好非谓语动词英语就学好了一半,学完这套资料还有什么难得住你

2020-01-11 14:01:24

手机电子娱乐送彩金-学好非谓语动词英语就学好了一半,学完这套资料还有什么难得住你

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非谓语动词专讲专练

非谓语动词在句中不能作谓语。非谓语动词是中考考点之一,主要考查动词不定式和动词-ing形式。

动词不定式

考点一:作宾语。

1. 只能跟动词不定式(短语)作宾语的动词有agree, afford, ask, choose, decide, expect, fail, fear, help, hope, learn, manage, offer, plan, prefer, prepare, promise, refuse, want, wish等。

2. “疑问词+动词不定式”在句中可以作宾语。

考点二:动词不定式的否定结构由 not+动词不定式构成。

【考例链接】单项选择

( )1. —do you prefer ______ basketball with me?

—no, i'd rather ______ at home and watch tv.

a. play; stay b. to play; to stay c. play; to stay d. to play; stay

( )2. cindy's grandmother is learning ______ the new mobile phone.

a. use b. uses c. used d. to use

( )3. —have you decided when ______?

—yes, tomorrow morning.

a. will you leave b. are you leaving c. to leave

( )4. —do you have any plans for the coming vacation?

—sure. we decide ______ sansha in july.

a. visit b. visiting c. visited d. to visit

考点三:作宾语补足语。

1. 一些动词后常跟动词不定式(短语)作宾语补足语,这类动词有allow, advise, ask, call, encourage, expect, force, get, help, invite, need, order, remind, teach, tell, train, want, warn等。

2. 使役动词(如make, let, have等)及感官动词(如see, feel, hear, watch, notice等)后跟动词不定式(短语)作宾语补足语时须省略to,但在变为被动语态时要加上to。

注意:make sb. done表示“使某人被……”。

have sth. done表示“让 / 叫 / 使 / 请别人做某事”。

【考例链接】单项选择

( )1. though he often made his little sister ______, today he was made ______ by her.

a. cry; to cry b. cried; crying c. to cry; cry

( )2. —you'd better advise him ______ anything out of the window while driving.

—i will. he has to know it's dangerous.

a. not throwing b. no throwing c. not to throw d. don't throw

( )3. to keep children away from danger, we warn parents ______ children at home alone.

a. leave b. to leave c. not leave d. not to leave

( )4. for more than once, our head teacher asks us ______ the habit of keeping a diary.

a. develop b. develops c. developing d. to develop

( )5. there was so much noise outside that the teacher couldn't make herself ______.

a. hear b. heard c. to hear d. hearing

( )6. they're going to have their house ______.

a. painted b. paint c. painting d. to paint

考点四:作目的状语。

动词不定式(短语)在句中可作状语,表示目的。

【考例链接】单项选择

( )1. we'll do what we can ______ the sick man.

a. to help b. help c. helps d. helped

( )2. —what shall we do this weekend?

—we'll drive to dongjiang lake ______ boating.

a. to go b. go c. going

( )3. doctors in the town are using the books ______ their studies and treat patients.

a. continue b. to continue c. continuing d. continues

( )4. as a volunteer, the girl wants to visit sick kids in the hospital ______ them up.

a. to cheer b. cheer c. cheering d. cheered

( )5. whenever we kids come over, auntie susan just stands there and watches us ______ sure we don't break anything.

a. make b. made c. to make d. making

考点五:作主语。

作主语的动词不定式(短语)如果很短,通常位于句首;如果较长,常用it作形式主语,而把真正的主语——动词不定式(短语)放在后面,以避免头重脚轻。

考点六:作定语。

动词不定式(短语)作定语时,常放在所修饰词之后。

考点七:在某些固定词组或句型中用不带to的动词不定式(短语)。如:had better do, would rather do than do, why not do ...?, prefer to do rather than do等。

【考例链接】 单项选择

( )1. —mario, your mobile phone is ringing.

—wait a minute. it's dangerous for us ______ it while crossing the street.

a. answering b. to answer c. answer d. answered

( )2. it's necessary for you ______ the classroom clean, class.

a. keep b. keeping c. to kee

( )3. sleeping is a popular way ______ among students.

a. relax b. relaxed c. relaxing d. to relax

( )4. it is raining outside. why not ______ an umbrella?

a. to take b. take c. taking

动词-ing形式

考点一:作宾语。

在初中阶段我们需要掌握的后面跟动词-ing形式作宾语的单词或短语有:

*avoid, consider, dislike, enjoy, finish, imagine, keep, mind, practice, stop, suggest (建议) 等。

*be afraid of, be busy, be good at, be interested in, be / get used to, be worth, can't help, care about, end up, feel like, give up, have fun (in), have difficulty (in), have a good time (in), how / what about, keep on, look forward to, put off, spend time in, thanks for等。

考点二:作宾语补足语。

见下面“动词不定式和动词-ing形式易混点考点二”。

考点三:作主语。

【考例链接】单项选择

( )1. diana used to ______ to work, but now she is used to ______ because the road is crowded and she wants to keep fit.

a. drive; walking b. drive; walk c. driving; walk d. driving; walking

( )2. the workers are busy ______ windows to the new building these days.

a. fix b. fixed c. fixing d. to fix

( )3. my favorite tv program is “readers”. i think we should spend as much time as we can ______ in our spare time.

a. read b. to read c. reading

( )4. —jack hasn't taken his piano lessons for a long time.

—he is considering ______ his piano course and spending more time on his study.

a. to drop b. to throw c. dropping d. throwing

( )5. —why did his father buy that phone watch for him?

—because the gps in the watch can help him to avoid ______ the way.

a. to lose b. lose c. loses d. losing

( )6. ______ is the best way to keep a good relationship with your parents, teachers and other people around you.

a. active communicating b. actively communicating

c. actively communication d. active communicate

动词不定式&动词-ing形式易混点

考点一:两种形式都可作宾语。

有些动词后作宾语的动词不定式(短语)或动词-ing形式的含义无差异,如like, love, prefer, hate, begin, start, continue, can't stand等。

有些动词后作宾语的两种形式含义有所不同,如:

regret to do sth. →遗憾要做某事

regret doing sth. →后悔做过某事

forget / remember to do sth. →忘记 / 记得要做某事

forget / remember doing sth. →忘记 / 记得做过某事

try to do sth. →设法做某事

try doing sth. →尝试做某事

need to do sth. →需要做某事

need doing →需要被做

mean to do sth→打算去做某事

mean doing sth. →意味着做某事

考点二:两种形式都可作宾语补足语。

感官动词(如see, watch, notice, feel, hear等) 后既可跟不带to的动词不定式作宾语补足语,表示动作的全过程;也可跟动词-ing形式作宾语补足语,表示动作正在进行。

【考例链接】单项选择

( )1. —i'm sorry, miss green. i left my math book at home.

—it doesn't matter. please remember ______ it here tomorrow.

a. taking b. to take c. bringing d. to bring

( )2. —the tv in your room is still on.

—oh, i forgot ______.

a. turning it on b. turning it off c. to turn it off

( )3. i saw tom ______ his key in the lock, turn it and open the door.

a. put b. putting c. puts d. to put

( )4. —i didn't hear you come in just now.

—that's good. i tried ______ the baby up.

a. to wake b. not to wake c. waking

动词不定式&动词-ing形式综合练习

【考例链接】用括号内所给动词的适当形式填空

1. you look very tired. why not _______(take) a rest?

2. he tried all the ways he could think of _______(protect) himself against all possible dangers.

3. my cousin is good at _______(dance).

4. —why do you buy so many flowers, justin?

—_______(celebrate) my mother's birthday.

5. —bad luck! my watch doesn't work well.

—take it easy. it just needs _______(repair).

6. amy practices _______(play) the piano for over two hours every day.

7. we've worked for a long time; let's stop _______(have) a rest.

8. children had fun _______(play) in disneyland on children's day.

9. china daily is worth _______(read); we can learn a lot from it.

10. if more people give up _______(drive) cars, the air will get much cleaner.

11. after finishing _______(do) your homework, you can have a good rest.

12. many april fool's jokes may end up _______(be) not very funny.

13. my father usually goes to work early _______(avoid) heavy traffic.

14. as a mountain climber, aron is used to _______(take) risks.

15. i'd like to give my thanks to alice for _______(share) her exciting experiences in africa.

16. when i was free, i really enjoyed _______ around the town. (walk)

17. it is very important for children _______(learn) how to do chores at home.

18. miss white often has us _____(tell) interesting stories in her english class.

19. squirrels always like saving some food before winter comes. but they forget where _______(find) it from time to time.

20. all of us should look straight ahead and keep _______. (run)

责编 | 杨宁

审稿 | 李栋

校稿 | 吕放

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